Chain of custody (CoC), in legal contexts, is the chronological documentation or paper trail that records the sequence of custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical or electronic evidence.
What are the steps in the chain of custody?
The processes for documenting, collecting, and protecting evidence are called establishing a chain of custody. Creating and maintaining a chain of custody means that a detailed log is kept of where the evidence was found and logging anything that happens to the evidence prior to trial.
What is chain of custody for digital evidence?
Chain of custody shows where the evidence has been, who has touched it and its condition at all times. It tracks a device or file through the full evidence lifecycle of collection, transfer, handling, storage, analysis, review and production.
Why is chain of custody so important to investigations?
A chain of custody is when information is gathered from the crime scene and is used to create a chain of custody to show what was at the scene, its location and its condition. It is important because it can be used during a criminal court trial.
What happens if the chain of custody is broken?
What Happens If Chain of Custody is Broken. The biggest risk of breaking chain of custody is holding evidence that is inadmissible in court. This often happens if the chain of custody form or evidence bag is mislabeled, if the transfer takes an unreasonable amount of time, or if the evidence falls into the wrong hands.
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