The chain of custody is defined as the witnessed, written record of all of the individuals who maintained unbroken control over the items of evidence.
It establishes the proof that the items of evidence collected at the crime scene is the same evidence that is being presented in a court of law.
What is the importance of chain of custody as it refers to evidence?
In criminal and civil law, the term “chain of custody” refers to the order in which items of evidence have been handled during the investigation of a case. Proving that an item has been properly handled through an unbroken chain of custody is required for it to be legally considered as evidence in court.
What is evidence chain of custody?
The term chain of custody refers to the process of maintaining and documenting the handling of evidence. It involves keeping a detailed log showing who collected, handled, transferred, or analyzed evidence during an investigation. The procedure for establishing chain of custody starts with the crime scene.
What are the steps in the chain of custody?
Collection techniques, preservation, packaging, transportation, storage and creation of the inventory list are all part of the process used in establishing the chain of custody. The chain of custody is established whenever an investigator takes custody of evidence at a crime scene.
What is a chain of custody document and what information does it contain?
It is important to not only document what is being obtained, but who is doing the collection, when it was collected, and other details that validate the evidence. The chain of custody documentation provides information regarding the collection, transportation, storage, and general handling of the electronic evidence.