Question: What Is Locard’s Exchange Principle Quizlet?

What is locard’s exchange principle definition?

In forensic science, Locard’s exchange principle holds that the perpetrator of a crime will bring something into the crime scene and leave with something from it, and that both can be used as forensic evidence.

What is an example of locard’s principle?

The Locard’s Exchange Principle states that “with contact between two items, there will be an exchange.” For example, burglars will leave traces of their presence behind and will also take traces with them.

When was the Locard exchange principle created?

Locard’s exchange principle is a concept that was developed by Dr. Edmond Locard (1877-1966). Locard speculated that every time you make contact with another person, place, or thing, it results in an exchange of physical materials.

What defines the size of a crime scene?

The crime scene perimeter defines the size of the crime scene, and it is up to the investigator to decide how big the crime scene needs to be. The size of a crime scene is usually defined by the area where the criminal acts have taken place.

What is transfer evidence?

Transfer evidence is defined as any evidential substance or particle such as blood , fluids , hairs, fibers , paint, and skin that is exchanged between an assailant and the victim or the scene of the crime. Such evidence can transfer either from the criminal to the victim or from the victim to the criminal.

What is considered trace evidence?

Overview of Trace Evidence

Fibers, hair, soil, wood, gunshot residue and pollen are only a few examples of trace evidence that may be transferred between people, objects or the environment during a crime. Investigators can potentially link a suspect and a victim to a mutual location through trace evidence.

What are control samples used for?

Control samples are any type of well-known forensic samples used to assure analyses are properly performed so that results are reliable. Also called controls, known samples, and knowns, these control samples are fully known to the forensic community with respect to composition, identification, source, and type.

Why is evidence placed in a paper bag instead of plastic?

First, never place any evidence that may contain DNA in plastic bags because plastic will retain moisture that will damage DNA. Items such as masks, eyeglasses, bottles, etc., should be taken as is and placed in a paper bag to be sent for testing.

What is a standard reference sample?

Standard/ Reference Sample. Physical evidence whose origin is known such as blood or hair from a suspect, that can be compared to crime scene evidence.