Question: What Can You Use As A Barrier Between You And Bloodborne Pathogens?

What PPE should be used when dealing with bloodborne pathogens?

Examples of PPE include: disposable gloves, gowns, laboratory coats, protective face shields, resuscitation masks or shields, and mouth pieces.

Any equipment necessary to prevent exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material is considered PPE.

What are 3 universal precautions when dealing with body fluids?

Body Fluids to Which Universal Precautions Do Not Apply

Universal precautions do not apply to feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus unless they contain visible blood. The risk of transmission of HIV and HBV from these fluids and materials is extremely low or nonexistent.

What are the universal precautions for bloodborne pathogens?

Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens, (Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030(b) definitions).

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

Infection Control and Prevention – Standard Precautions

  • Standard Precautions.
  • Hand Hygiene.
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention.
  • Cleaning and Disinfection.
  • Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)
  • Waste Disposal.
  • Safe Injection Practices.

What should you do if you have been potentially exposed to bloodborne pathogens?

What should you do if you’re exposed?

  1. Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water.
  2. Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water.
  3. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile wash.
  4. Report all exposures promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate followup care.

What is the best definition of bloodborne pathogens?

Blood means human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood. Bloodborne Pathogens means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What are four types of isolation?

These include temporal isolation, ecological isolation, behavioral isolation, and mechanical isolation. Post-zygotic barriers: barriers that come into play after two species have mated. These include genetic incompatibility, zygotic mortality, hybrid inviability, hybrid sterility, and hybrid breakdown.

Is urine a bloodborne pathogen?

Urine, Feces, Saliva, Vomit, Tears, Nasal Secretions and Sweat cannot transmit bloodborne pathogens unless they contain VISIBLE BLOOD. An exposure can only take place if the pathogen can get into the body of the exposed person.

What is the most common method of spreading infection?

A common way for infectious diseases to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can occur when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What are the most common bloodborne pathogens?

Bloodborne pathogens and workplace sharps injuries. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk.

What is the OSHA standard for bloodborne pathogens?

OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, incorporating the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act of 2000, is designed to protect at-risk employees from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials.

Is wearing gloves a universal precaution?

Universal precautions refers to the practice, in medicine, of avoiding contact with patients’ bodily fluids, by means of the wearing of nonporous articles such as medical gloves, goggles, and face shields.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

How can we prevent infection?

Decrease your risk of infecting yourself or others:

  • Wash your hands often.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Use antibiotics sensibly.
  • Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.
  • Be smart about food preparation.
  • Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence.
  • Practice safer sex.
  • Don’t share personal items.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Ways you can reduce or slow the spread of infections include:

  1. Get the appropriate vaccine.
  2. Wash your hands frequently.
  3. Stay home if you are sick (so you do not spread the illness to other people).
  4. Use a tissue, or cough and sneeze into your arm, not your hand.
  5. Use single-use tissues.